1. Positive reinforcement is the key
When your dog is chewing on something he shouldn’t, try not to panic. Pulling things out of your dog’s mouth will only cause development of behavior issues. First try to stop it with a loud noise and then give him treats or toys in exchange for the thing he is chewing on. If you direct his attentions to an appropriate chew object, your dog will eventually learn what objects are his and which are not. Don’t risk your dog’s trust, when positive reinforcement methods are more effective, than violence.
2. Don’t punish your dog
The only good time to discipline your dog is when you catch him in the act. If you find a chewed-up bag, don’t punish him after, because he won’t be able to connect the punishment with the chewing in the past.
3. Chewing deterrents
Use chewing deterrents at household objects to discourage your dog from chewing them. Deterrents have an unpleasant taste or smell, that is not harmful to dogs and also doesn’t affect humans. Every three months reapply the deterrent on all items that you really don’t want your dog to chew on.
4. Dog chew toys
Provide suitable chew toys for your dog to chew on and enjoy. Every dog has different preferences as to what they prefer to chew on and play with. It’s important you choose the right type of toy, which is age-appropriate and durable for your passionate chewer. When a toy begins to fall apart or reaches a size where it can be swallowed, replace it. Plush toys are not the best option, because he can easily choke on the pieces that fall of and the squeaker in them. A good choice are nylon bones, because they are durable, strong, safe and not harmful to the teeth. Also, don’t give your dog an object that looks like something you don’t want chewed.
5. Exercise your dog mentally and physically
Physical exercise is not only important for your dog’s health, but it also helps your dog to exclude destructive chewing. Your dog will be tired after a walk or a play time, so he should have less interest in chewing things. A dog that is bored and has lots of energy, will find something, such as chewing to amuse himself.
6. Dog proof your home
Keep the items that you don't want your dog to chew on out of his reach. Look at your home environment and put away all possible dangerous and harmful items, so they are unavailable for him. This includes shoes, children’s toys, clothes, plastic bags, trash bins, containers of medicine, wallets and purses, supplements, plants and so on.